Сикачи-Алян 3

The Sikachi-Alyan 3 rock art site is located on the right bank of the Malyshevskaya channel at the place of its confluence with the Amur River. Distance from Sikachi-Alyan 2  is 0.5 km, from Sikachi-Alyan 4 – 1.0 km.  Petroglyphs are observed on vertical surfaces of cliff rocks and basalt boulders of a high floodplain. The length of the area of petroglyphs boulders distribution is approx. 60 m. Directly above the location of the petroglyphs on the high terrace of Amur River, there is an archaeological site of V-VIII centuries A. D. named Sikachi-Alyan, the settlement.

During the period of ice drifts and floods, boulders with petroglyphs are intensely affected by water and ice, they move and gradually collapse. The site of the Sikachi-Alyan 3 petroglyphs also suffers from vandalism of tourists and fishermen that left there numerous graffiti.

To date, seven boulders and two surfaces with petroglyphs are known within the Sikachi-Alyan 3 locality. Three boulders, documented by A.P. Okladnikov are currently not observed. The “Stone 84” described by A.P. Okladnikov with ten petroglyphs actually represents several isolated surfaces, of which just two surfaces were identified and documented.

 

The petroglyphs of Sikachi-Alyan 3 were first described by A. P. Okladnikov (1935), and then by the expeditions of A. P. Okladnikov (1958, 1963, 1969). In the course of these studies, seven boulders and one surface with petroglyphs were identified and described. The design institute “Khabarovskgrazhdanproekt” (2003) drew up a topographic plan, which indicated the actual position of boulders and surfaces.

In 2017-2019, with joint efforts of the Center for Paleo-Arts of the Institute of Archeology of the Russian Academy of Sciences, the Khabarovsk Regional Heritage Preservation Center, and the RSSDA Laboratory at the site of Sikachi-Alyan 3 carried out a continuous mapping of the rock cliff with petroglyphs with length 115 m. They documented two accessible surfaces with drawings with the determination of their coordinates. Four boulders remain undocumented, as they were below the water level of the Amur River during the work.

 

The layout of boulders with petroglyphs
at the Sikachi-Alyan site 3.
Okladnikov, 1971

Sikachi-Alyan 3 at a low water level in the Amur River.
Aerial photo April 28, 2019

Petroglyphs Sikachi-Alyan 3